Practice Areas

Kristine Sova provides an array of labor and employment legal services in a variety of industries across both the for-profit and non-profit sectors. Her labor and employment legal services are listed below. Click any section to read more.

New York’s Expanded Pay Equity Law Goes into Effect on October 8

New York has long prohibited unequal pay for unequal work based on sex.  However, come October 8, 2019, New York employers will also be prohibited from paying employees who are a member of one or more protected classes (no longer limited to sex) at a lesser rate than employees outside the protected class or classes … Read more

How to Craft a Non-Discriminatory Paternity Leave Policy

Historically, many employers provided paid maternity leave to mothers, while providing little to no leave to fathers. While employers may provide leave that is tied to childbirth to birth mothers only, nowadays, employers must provide post-childbirth leave for bonding and childcare purposes to both male and females on an equal basis. Failure to do so … Read more

The Who, What, When and How of Sexual Harassment Training in New York and NYC

Much has been written about the sexual harassment training now required for New York and NYC employers as a result of the #MeToo movement. The requirements, however, differ slightly for each jurisdiction.  Here is a cheat sheet to the Who, What, When and How of the requirements under both laws. Who? All employees must be … Read more

NYC Employers Must Post Sexual Harassment Poster and Provide Fact Sheet to New Hires by September 6

Earlier this year, the Stop Sexual Harassment in New York City Act went into effect. One of the law’s requirements is that NYC employers must post and display a sexual harassment rights and responsibilities poster and provide a fact sheet to new hires by September 6, 2018. This month, the New York City Commission on … Read more

New York Employers Must Conduct Sexual Harassment Training On or Before October 9

(Update: New York employers now have until January 1, 2019 to conduct sexual harassment training.) A new law requires all New York employers to conduct mandatory sexual harassment training beginning October 9, 2018. The law requires employers to provide sexual harassment training every year. At a minimum, the training program must: Be interactive Explain what … Read more

NYC Mayor Signs Law Barring Inquiries into an Applicant’s Salary History

On May 4, 2017, Mayor Bill de Blasio signed into law an amendment to the New York City Human Rights Law that now restricts employers in New York City, with four or more employees, from inquiring into a prospective employee’s salary history during the interview and hiring process.  The restriction is part of a growing … Read more

EEOC Task Force Identifies Key Components of Effective Harassment Reporting Systems and Investigations

In June 2016, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission released an 88-page report on harassment in the workplace.  The report (available here) calls for “a reboot of workplace harassment prevention efforts” in light of the fact that one-third of the approximately 90,000 charges of discrimination received by the EEOC in fiscal year 2015 included an … Read more

NYC Limits Credit History Use Beginning September 3

Beginning September 3, 2015, it will be illegal for covered employers in New York City to request or use an employee’s or applicant’s consumer credit history to make employment decisions. The Stop Credit Discrimination in Employment Act amends the New York City Human Rights Law, which applies to employers with 4 or more employees, and … Read more

Which EEO Laws Apply to Your Business?

Not all employers are covered by all of the various labor and employment laws that exist. It is important to know which laws apply to which company or organization, because coverage imposes important obligations on employers. Here are the most common federal, New York state, and NYC equal employment opportunity (EEO) laws, along with a brief … Read more